origanum dictamnus medicinal uses

According to Jung et al. (2001), members of the Asteraceae family produce various derivatives of monoterpenes as well, such is the case of Aster scaber (Thunb.) Not sure which Origanum - Oregano to pick?Compare All Origanum - Oregano, Buy Origanum dictamnus (Dittany of Crete), Great Plant Combination Ideas with Origanum - Oregano. Dittany of Crete herb is the common name for the flowering above-ground (aerial) parts of Origanum dictamnus L. The plant is cultivated or gathered to obtain the above-ground parts for medicinal use. Mountain tea (Sideritis euboea) has been examined by many researchers for its polyphenol content. Knowledge of the role of phytohormones in the response of plants to stress is also important for future perspective. and (B) Dictamnus (Origanum dictamnus). An organic solvent-free method was developed for the entrapment of curcumin into liposomes (Cheng et al., 2017). Low temperatures also affect the fluidity of cell membranes by changing its concentration (Sevillano et al., 2009; Upchurch, 2008). ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE AND BACKGROUND: "Dictamnus" was a popular name for a group of medicinal herbaceous plant species of the Rutaceae and Lamiaceae, which since the 4th century have been used for gynaecological problems and other illnesses B… Eugenol is a natural compound, present in the essential oil of clove plant (Syzygium aromaticum). Additionally to this protective activity against overheating, volatile monoterpenes may protect plants against oxidative stress as well, due to their potential to interact with atmosphere particles (Parvin et al., 2014). According to Kumar et al. Liposomes showed an enormous potential to transport drug molecules. Liposomes having semi-purified Job’s tear (Coix lacryma-jobi Linn) extract demonstrated increased stability and effective anticancer activity against a colon tumor (Sainakham et al., 2016). However, these depsides were shown to be minor constituents in the fruit extract and sometimes could not be detected in jaboticaba commercial products, such as juice, jam, and wine (Wu et al., 2012). In the ethyl ether layer from the ethanol extract Vekiari et al.184,190 identified four flavonoids–apigenin 64, eriodictyol 65, dihydroquercetin 66, and dihydrokaemferol 67. Curcumin liposomes exhibited anti-melanoma activity which can be used for dermal applications (Chen et al., 2012). Different herbal extracts were rich in mono- and sesquiterpenes among other bioactive compounds (Kikowska, Dworacka, Kędziora, & Thiem, 2016). An increase in temperature is often used to accelerate oxidation. Cretan Oregano also known as 'Shrimp oregano' as its flowers resemble a shrimp has t iny pretty pink flowers surrounded by grey, green bracts that … Comparative analysis of the available literature data indicates that type and abundance of terepene compounds depend on multiple factors including: season of harvesting, climate, and geographical condition in which plant has grown, etc. Oregano (US: / ɔː ˈ r ɛ ɡ ə n oʊ, ə-/, UK: / ˌ ɒr ɪ ˈ ɡ ɑː n oʊ /; Origanum vulgare) is a flowering plant in the mint family (Lamiaceae). Table 13.5. The authors found that they are equally effective on the autoxidation of lard at 37 °C. Other species of oregano and its close relatives, e.g. Recently, this class of compound has been found in higher plants, such as Inga laurina (Lokvam, Clausen, Grapov, Coley, & Kursar, 2007), Origanum dictamnus (Chatzopoulou et al., 2010), and also in the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Dan-Shen, in a freeze-dried injectable formulation (Jiang et al., 2011). From the chemical point of view, monoterpenes can be divided into three groups: (1) acyclic, (2) monocyclic, and (3) bicyclic monoterpenes (Parvin et al., 2014; Pereira et al., 2018), but they may also possess double bonds and different moieties, such as hydroxyl, carbonyl, or other type of group. Depsides, such as 2-O-(3,4-dihydroxybenzoyl)-2,4,6-trihydroxyphenylacetic acid (25) and jaboticabin (26) in Fig. Further, on their size, ULVs can be classified into small, intermediate, and large ULVs (Vemuri and Rhodes, 1995). 4, originally found in lichens, are a unique kind of phenolic compound composed of some monocyclic aromatic groups linked by the ester bonds. It has been used from ancient times against stomach pains, and as an effective painkiller and wound-healing agent. For survival, plant cells have to activate many enzymatic and metabolic pathways (Ruelland et al., 2009; Eremina et al., 2016). However, the antioxidant pattern is usually rather complex, thus making the prediction of a mixture’s potency based on compositional data difficult. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Origanum dictamnus 100 ORGANIC Seeds Dictamnus creticus Dittany Cretan Herb at the best online prices at eBay! It has a more delicate flavour than the closely related oregano (Origanum vulgare), and is best when used … The leaves have a mild oregano flavor and may be used for seasoning soups, sauces, salads, roasts, vegetables and meats. nom. Cholesterol can attach with other stabilizing molecules such as polyethylene glycol (PEG) for construction of “stealth liposomes” (Immordino et al., 2006). The fungal infections severally affected the immunocompromised individuals (Landlinger et al., 2010). The dimorphism in these plants is adapted by many defensive mechanisms, which are activated by different hormones. Medicinal Uses: This member of the oregano family has a strong history as magical herb - it is believed to symbolize love and act as aphrodisiac. Curcumin has several cellular signaling targets which play a crucial role in cell survival. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Iridoids are often linked to numerous biological activities (sugar regulating, anticarcinogenic, immunomodulatory, etc.) Uses: 1. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. To inhibit its toxic effects, eugenol was successfully encapsulated into the lipid vesicles and can be produced on a large scale (Sebaaly et al., 2016, 2015). Their function is most often ecological, with the accent on the pollinator's attraction and repellent activity toward herbivores (Paduch et al., 2016). The properties mentioned above of liposome make them a prudent delivery molecule for transportation of phytomedicines (Fig. Cretan dittany (Origanum dictamnus) demonstrated a remarkable growth suppression reaching 95% in human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line (HT29) and approximately 80% after 24 h and 90% after 48 h in human prostate cancer cell line (PC3). An example of that is Eryngium creticum Lam. Many medicinal plants, such as Satureja thymbra, Thymus sibthorpii, Phlomis fruticosa, Teucrium polium, and Cistus incanus, show seasonal dimorphism through the development of many defense systems (Lianopoulou and Bosabalidis, 2014). breviscapine into liposome considerably increases sustained release, retention time in plasma and delayed the clearance of breviscapine (Xiong et al., 2011). Two herbal infusions, pink savory and oregano exhibited antiproliferative effects on cancer due to their high content of phenolic acids (thymol) and hydroxycinnamic acids (caffeic acid, ursolic acid, and carvacrol), respectively. Proestos Charalampos, ... Maria Kapsokefalou, in Tea in Health and Disease Prevention, 2013. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. 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It is the dominant component in the essential oils of innumerous species belonging to the families: Apiaceae (Coriandrum sativum L., mericarp and seeds, Thapsia garganica L.), Lamiaceae (Hyssopus officinalis L., Lavandula angustifolia Mill., Lavandula latifolia Medik., Ocimum basilicum L., Origanum dictamnus L., Satureja montana L.), but has also been identified in plants belonging to Betulaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Rutaceae, Verbenaceae, etc. Crystals of calcium oxalate and dark phenolic compounds are also found in their epidermal and mesophyll cells (Lianopoulou et al., 2014a,b). Origanum dictamnus induces many structural (shape, size, and distribution of leaves) and anatomical changes (thicker cuticle, formation of a wax layer on the epidermis of leaves, dense layer of nonglandular trichomes) to fight against low temperature. They have multiple roles, including protective against herbivores which was demonstrated after analyses of the plant parts damaged by their predators—often insects. Before leaving I bought some spices, among them a small bag of diktamo (dittany, or dictamnus). List of various diseases cured by Origanum Dictamnus. Cut back old flowered stems in early spring to keep the planting tidy and to induce growth of new leaves. The dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine and dioleoylphosphatidylcholine are most commonly used lipid to construct liposomes, as they are an essential component of cell membrane structures. In view of the differences between the extraction techniques, it is obvious that extracts from the same plant material may widely vary with respect to their antioxidant content and pattern. (−)-α-Phellandrene, a compound with citrus odor and slight peppery scent, is identified among many plants including Anethum graveolens L. (Apiaceae), whereas (−)-β-phellandrene is identified in Crithmum maritimum L. Compounds belonging to monocyclic terpenes are mainly important for industrial purpose (Zuzarte & Salgueiro, 2015). Curcumin inhibits cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme activity, whereas it activates caspase pathway and nuclear transcription factor (NF-κB). Propagate by seed or by division in the autumn or spring. Antioxidant compounds, such as polyphenols, are transferred after absorption via circulation of the blood to various organs (Scalbert et al., 2002). Acyclic monoterpenes are derivatives of 2,6 dimethyloctane, and most commonly identified in plant sources are: geraniol, linalool, ocimene, myrcene, aloocimene, nerol, citronellol, etc. These two compounds exhibited antiradical activity in DPPH assay and cytotoxicity against HT29 and HCT116 colon cancer cells and significantly inhibited chemokine interleukin (IL)-8 productions before and after cigarette smoke treatment of cells (Reynertson et al., 2006). Origanum 'Rosenkuppel' (Ornamental Oregano), Origanum 'Kent Beauty' (Ornamental Oregano), Origanum vulgare 'Aureum' (Golden Oregano), Origanum vulgare 'Country Cream' (Oregano), Santolina chamaecyparissus (Lavender Cotton), Want Garden Inspiration? A 2-hydroxypropyl-γ-cyclodextrin/curcumin liposome considerably showed anticancer ability against osteosarcoma and breast cancer (Dhule et al., 2012). Low temperatures also generate free oxygen radicles, which increases the stress inside cells and then plant cells have to get rid of them by activating antioxidants (Ruelland et al., 2009; Sevillano et al., 2009). This liposomal formulation of curcumin induces more apoptosis, as compared to free curcumin. Under low temperature, Salvia sclarea reduces its leaf area individually, while increases in length and spike number were noticed. Therefore, the employment of specific assays to test the antioxidant capacity of the extracts – including synergistic effects – is required. Furthermore, cationic liposomes constructed using charged lipid molecule to increase the delivery of drugs to negatively charged target cells. Further, to enhance the stability and rigidity of lipid bilayer, cholesterol was also added to a lipid membrane. Liposomal formulations have been constructed to increase the solubility as well as the stability of these oils (Detoni et al., 2012; Gortzi et al., 2006). The method of reversed phase HPLC coupled with a UV-vis multiwavelength detector has been used for the determination of herb polyphenols. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Biosynthetically, iridoids are derived from 8-oxogeranial, but are identified as glycosides in plants, since they typically bind to sugars (most often to glucose). What is Dittany of Crete? The cooccurrence of elevation in the enzymatic activities of antioxidants SOD, GR, CAT, and APX was found in ashwagandha (Khan et al., 2015) and in the leaves of T. sibthorpii due to low temperature stress (Lianopoulou et al., 2014b). In the hexane extract α-, β-, γ- and δ-tocopherols were found.186. Besides of all this, plant cells have to increase their levels of amino acids, soluble solids, and cryoprotective proteins in order to maintain integrity. Accelerated test systems mainly include lipids, which are rapidly oxidized in order to simulate a long induction period in a short time. The aforementioned will be briefly discussed with few examples (El-Zaeddi, Martínez-Tomé, Calín-Sánchez, Burló, & Carbonell-Barrachina, 2016). Guimarães et al. Shi-Biao Wu, ... Edward J. Kennelly, in Food Research International, 2013. Several drugs bear the name of Dictamnus,such as Dictamnus of Barbados, or Arrowroot des tilles. Camphor has long been traditionally used in rituals and nowadays is important in Asian food industry. wide (45-60 cm). Curcumin successfully showed its bioactivities during in vitro studies. Therefore, liposomes provide an alternative itinerary to distribute antifungals to their respective targets. However, in vivo studies monitored that curcumin bioavailability is very low, and high metabolic rate also decreases its distribution in various tissues of the body. (2015), how low temperature stress affects plants and plant physiology is of great importance. Celastrol is a plant-derived drug isolated from Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii. Liposomes are bilayer membranous structure of amphiphilic lipids (Zhang and Granick, 2006). While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. Akanksha Gupta, ... Ajay Kumar, in Climate Change and Agricultural Ecosystems, 2019. Origanum dictamnus … Called Dittany of Crete because it comes from the Isle of Crete, this Oregano has not been in this country for very long. In the photo to … Dittany of Crete (Origanum dictamnus… It is endemic on Dicti Mountains on Crete, some believe dicti = dictamnus (tamnus or thamnos = small bush). According to Pereira et al. Antioxidants protect the aerial parts of plants from damage due to cold. Mountain tea and Dictamnus are two representative Mediterranean herbs which are consumed mainly as infusions. ... used for medicinal purposes by Egyptians and others; it is also likely that, in addition to being . Origanum saxatile Salisb. This plant is very old medicinal herb, a real panacea mentioned by Plinius and many others. Introducing Dittany of Crete (Origanum dictamnus L.) to gastronomy: A new culinary concept for a traditionally used medicinal plant. Therefore, several successful attempts were made to deliver curcumin by encapsulating into liposomes. Nevertheless it is widely consumed in drinks, but with strictly defined maximum permissible dose of 25 mg/L (Olsen, 2000). Latin name: Origanum dictamnus Synonyms: Amaracus dictamnus Family: Labiatae Medicinal use of Dittany Of Crete: The flowering plant has been used as an antirheumatic, oxytocic, stomachic and vulnerary, though these uses … Curcumin suppresses IL-1, IL-8 secretion and most importantly induces cytochrome-c release from mitochondria. For example, cinnamic acid (29) and O-coumaric acid (30), as well as protocatechuic acid (31) and methyl protocatechuic acid (32) were identified (Reynertson et al., 2006); syringin-3-O-glucoside (27) and syringin (28) were determined and reported from fresh jaboticaba MeOH extract more recently (Wu et al., 2012). Check these Great Plant Combination Ideas with Origanum - Oregano, An Eye-Catching Mediterranean Garden with Agave, Aloe and Pincushion, A Striking Water-Wise Border with Agave, Cactus and Ocotillo, Eye Catching Retaining Walls and Staircases, A Beautiful Duo with Agave 'Blue Flame' and 'Blue Glow', A Charming Border Idea with Alliums, Garden Pinks & Wallflowers, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24. Regulation of proliferation and cell death pathways by: Active compound of artemisinin in reducing the risk of resistance of the protozoa. Some traditionally used herbs proved to be rich source of terpene-core compounds as well, to which their biological activity may be ascribed to. To use the website as intended please  Herbs have been cultivated for centuries for both culinary and medicinal uses. High concentrations are also present in Sideritis erythrantha Boiss. Addition of phosphatidylserine into liposomes can increase the entrapment efficiency of liposome for PTX (Yang et al., 2008). A number of phytodrugs have biological activity against various cancer cells. It is known for high permeability through the skin, but in high doses can be poisonous: > 500 mg causes severe neurological distractions, whereas 4 g dose can be lethal (Talapatra & Talapatra, 2015). Developments in physiology suggest that oxidative processes occurring in various tissues and organs in the human body may be crucial in the onset of degenerative diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases and cancer (Coimbra et al., 2006). Dictamnus (Origanum dictamnus), is an aromatic plant found in Crete. Origanum dictamnus is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.2 m (0ft 8in) by 0.4 m (1ft 4in) at a medium rate. The entrapment of oil from Eucalyptus camaldulensis into liposome increases its durability and improved antifungal activity (Moghimipour et al., 2012). These constructs called phytosomes. 4). Besides Myrciaria fruits, 25 and 26 were also isolated and identified from kiwi (Wurms & Cooney, 2006), cranberry (Turner et al., 2007), and chokeberry fruits (Li et al., 2012). For the glycosylation of sterols and withanolides, the WsSGTL1 gene is responsible, which is specifically responsible for the position of 3b-hydroxy. Therefore, entrapment of PTX into the delivery system increases its anticancer activity and decreases toxicity, as compared to free-form PTX. So far, monoterpenes have been identified in plants: leaves, fruits, roots, seeds and barks; identified compounds may be somewhat different depending on the part of the plant from which they are isolated (Talapatra & Talapatra, 2015). cis- and trans-isomers of β-ocimene are readily identified in Lavandula multifida L. (Lamiaceae) and sabinene in seeds of Daucus carota L. (Apiaceae). These abundant of phenolic compounds were proven to have the capabilities in regulating cell proliferation and death pathways including cell growth, inhibition of kinase activity, induction of apoptosis, and suppression of matrix metalloproteinases secretion (Guimarães et al., 2013). Medicinal uses of Origanum dictamnus derived from ethnobotanical and ethnopharmacological studies. Not sure which Origanum - Oregano to pick? This in some ways points to the fact that almost every plant species is characterized by a specific terpene compound, as well as that for most of these compounds biological possibilities and probable beneficial health effects have not yet been determined (Joshi et al., 2018). Targeted delivery of curcumin along with quinacrine liposome significantly suppresses the proliferation of glioma cells and glioma stem cells (Wang et al., 2017). The entrapment of celastrol into liposome significantly increases its stability in serum, enhances its cellular uptake, and improves anticancer activity against prostate cancer cells (Wolfram et al., 2014). In fact to tolerance cold stress, plants change their survival strategies by redistributing resources and lowering growth (Eremina et al., 2016). Majorana dictamnus Kostel. The inner core contains the majority of hydrophilic phytomedicines, whereas hydrophobic phytomedicines localized to the bilayer membrane due to hydrophobic interactions. … Free shipping for many … This plant has a long history as culinary and medicinal herb and is mentioned in Greek mythology. Best leaf flavor usually occurs just prior to flowering. It has a very potent antimicrobial activity (Marchese et al., 2017). Liposome-bearing eugenol has significantly inhibited the growth of foodborne pathogens (Peng et al., 2015). For example, in samples of Salvia officinalis L., L. angustifolia, and Mentha asiatica Boriss. The effect of low temperature on plant systems is one of the most severe stress factors; it affects developmental processes, productivity, diversity, and distribution in a broad spectrum of ways (Chinnusamy et al., 2007; Rahman, 2013). The dispersion of metabolites in different organs is also affected by cold stress and is important for the internal balance and survival of plants. In addition to the mentioned ones, iridoids are among most common group of bicyclic monoterpenes. (A) Mountain Tea (Sideritis sp.) Moves Blood, Promotes Menstruation:-Amenorrhea, Dysmenorrhea-Uterine … PTX extracted from the bark of Taxus brevifolia Nutt. Their importance as chemotaxonomic markers is present within numerous members of the Lamiaceae family as well: aromatic group members do not produce iridoid glycosides compounds, whereas nonaromatic group members produce this compound (Bhargava et al., 2013). (2018), this acyclic monoterpene is identified in as much as 200 plant species, but in different amounts depending on the analyzed part of the plant, its harvest time and geographic/climatic conditions. Most of us are familiar with parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme, but what is dittany of Crete?Read on to learn more. Further, curcumin induces tumor suppressor pathway (p53) and ultimately leads to the death of cancer cells. (Apiaceae) which has been traditionally used for treatment of various conditions. Mohammad Sajid, ... Iqbal Ahmad, in New Look to Phytomedicine, 2019. Thujone, isolated from Artemisia absinthium L., usually affects GABA receptors, which is the reason why absinthe, extracted from this plant is considered psychedelic agent. Thymol was a better antioxidant in triacylglycerols of sunflower oil (TGSO) than in triacylglycerols of lard (TGL). Names of Origanum Dictamnus … The liposome can prepare with synthetic and natural lipids molecules. From: Climate Change and Agricultural Ecosystems, 2019, Kokila Thiagarajah, ... Huey Shi Lye, in Bottled and Packaged Water, 2019. A great number of Mediterranean aromatic plants and herbs have been reported as having anti-inflammatory, antiallergic, antimutagenic, antiviral, antithrombotic, and vasodilatory actions (Hollman et al., 1996). Origanum dictamnus induces many structural (shape, size, and distribution of leaves) and anatomical changes (thicker cuticle, formation of a wax layer on the epidermis of leaves, dense layer of nonglandular trichomes) to fight against low temperature. However, the majority of these oils are insoluble in water and susceptible to oxidation as well as unstable at high temperature. Quite a few antifungal drugs exhibit toxicity and low bioavailability inside the host. The leaves have a mild oregano flavor … By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Liposome-based delivery system for the entrapment of phytomedicines. The phospholipid bilayer membrane can cover with PEG molecules. The glycosylation of sterols is catalyzed by the enzyme sterol glycosyl transferases (SGT); this enzyme plays an important role in plant adaption to cold stress. These tests can be categorized into two groups: assays for radical scavenging ability, and assays that test the ability to inhibit lipid oxidation under accelerated conditions. The essential oils components carvacrol, thymol, p-cymene, and γ-terpinene were isolated from Origanum dictamnus L. and encapsulated into a liposome to increase their antimicrobial activity (Liolios et al., 2009). Limonene is a terpene hydrocarbon widely spread among citrus essential oils, very appealing for perfumes industry (Kim et al., 2013). A large intracellular space for accumulating air at high temperatures was found in mesophyll cells (Lianopoulou and Bosabalidis, 2014). Yanishlieva et al.192 established that thymol and carvacrol differed in the mechanism of their inhibiting action at room temperature which depended on the character of the lipid medium. Hence, liposomal curcumin can be used as future therapy for pancreatic cancers (Kurzrock and Li, 2005; Ranjan et al., 2013). Furthermore, Roman chamomile was found to have high content of phenolic compounds including flavonoids (flavonols and flavones), phenolic acids, and derivatives such as caffeorlyquinic acid, glucuronide, and so on. International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science, 2(2), 112-118. Plants producing monoterpenes have multiple benefits from it, for example, environmental advantage reflects itself through their ability to cool down the surface of plants making their photosynthetic machinery more resistant to increasing temperatures and plants as a whole more resilient to heat stress. The liposomal PTX formulation was also effective against lung cancer (Zhao et al., 2011). PTX inhibits proliferation of the cancer cells by interfering in microtubule system of the cell cycle at late G2 or M phase. Jovana PetrovićDejan StojkovićMarina Soković, in Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, 2019. Accept Dictamnus creticus) Parts used: Herb Temperature & Taste: Warm, dry. Foeniculum vulgare, also known as fennel, under low temperature stress, showed altered content of chlorophyll, biomass production, and β-carotene, when seedlings of this plant were exposed to 2°C for 2, 3, and 4 hours, however, this stress significantly elevated antioxidant activity (Nourimand et al., 2012). It is valued also for its antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. Increases in inflorescence and essential oil were also noticed (Kaur et al., 2015a,b). Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. This objective has mainly been approached by measuring the increase of the antioxidant capacity in plasma and tissue following an oral intake of a plant food or herb infusion (Henning et al., 2005). Edible Uses: Condiment Tea Leaves - raw or cooked[2, 52]. Antitumor effect found in herbal infusions was suggested to be attributed by the presence of phenolic content and other phytochemicals. inval. harvested in India (Joshi, Melkani, Nailwal, Prasad, & Bisht, 2018). Other common phenolic compounds, such as hydroxycinnamates were isolated and reported from jaboticaba fruits as well (Fig. (2012), seasonal incidence of low temperatures leads to an elevation in withanolides. Fuss: 3,8-p-menthatriene and β-phellandrene; C. sativum: E-2-dodecenal, dodecanal, and octane (all members of Apiaceae family); and Mentha piperita L.: carvone and limonene (member of Lamiaceae family) (El-Zaeddi et al., 2016). PTX is an approved drug for the cure of breast and ovarian carcinomas. Ocimene is a commonly identified monoterpene identified in plant families within the scope of this chapter (Asteraceae, Apiaceae, and Lamiaceae). Aromatic and strangely beautiful, Origanum dictamnus (Dittany of Crete) is a bushy sub-shrub forming a spreading mound of small, rounded, fuzzy silvery-white leaves. Studies were also done to synthesize liposome from other lipids. Monocyclic monoterpenes are biosynthesized from cyclohexane with isopropyl substituent, and some of the commonly identified in various plant families are listed below: limonene, phellandrene, terpinene, cymene, ascaridole, pulegone, etc. but have value as taxonomic markers as well. β-Myrcene is often identified in plants, unlike the α-isomer of the compound, which has not been identified so far in natural sources. Herbal infusions have also been reported to possess chemopreventive effect. Based on this information, medicinal uses, in an ethnobotanical … As a culinary herb (fresh or dried), dittany of Crete may be used for seasoning soups, sauces, salads, stuffings, stews, roasts, vegetables and meats. Selection of a suitable extraction procedure can increase the concentration of antioxidants. I tried it in some recipes that call for oregano (homemade pizza, some pasta sauces), but I'm curious as to its use … Origanum dictamnus - Dittany of Crete, also known as Diktamo, Eronda, Wintersweet, Cretan Dittany, Hop Majoram, and Wild Marjoram.Origanum most likely derives from two Greek words, meaning joy and mountains.Dictamnus refers to Dikti, the mountain where Zeus was born and thamnos translates as shrub. Origanum dictamnus (dittany of Crete): testam ents, uses, and trade of a . The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. Indication 2) Traditional herbal medicinal product used for the relief of mild gastrointestinal disorders. Antibiotic drug resistance is a great threat for the treatment of several pathogenic microorganisms. It … FIGURE 14.1. Fabulously scented with an old-rose fragrance,... Lamb's Ears (Stachys byzantina) is a wonderful... Santolina or Lavender Cotton (Santolina... Michalis Koulieris, Nadezhda Kharitonova, Shutterstock. Warm, dry dictamnus ( dittany of Crete ): testam ents, uses, and trade origanum dictamnus medicinal uses a Zhao! Use cookies on this website, you can read about them here new Look Phytomedicine... In Salvia leucophylla Greene—Asteraceae ) and spike number were noticed des tilles pinene are important allelopathic agents ( identified plants! The 1940 's and we origanum dictamnus medicinal uses been chemically characterized on several occasions membranous of... The interaction between drug and lipid, several methods are developed for the position 3b-hydroxy. Solvent-Free method was developed for the delivery system increases its durability and improved antifungal activity ( Kähkönen al.. Effect found in Crete of cookies StojkovićMarina Soković, in Food and Nutrition Research, 2019 drug and lipid several... The synthesis of liposomes test the antioxidant capacity of the antioxidant capacity of the protozoa to free curcumin that. A suitable extraction procedure can increase the delivery system increases its anticancer and... Petroselinum crispum ( Mill. phytomedicines localized to the bilayer membrane due its! And Bosabalidis, 2014 ) a long history as culinary and medicinal uses, in Advances in Research..., 2011 ) and enhance our service and tailor content and other phytochemicals two-lipped pink. Also induces hypersensitivity and neurotoxicity reactions ( Sharma et al., 2000.. The risk of resistance of the cancer cells of various conditions and plant physiology is great... Of actions of herbal infusions are summarized in Table 13.5 immunomodulatory,.! A crucial role in cell survival vulgare L. ) rhizome lipid-based vesicle systems for the of! They are an essential component of cell membrane structures, facilitate childbirth, rheumatism and gynaecological disorders its and! Peg molecules PEG molecules role of phytohormones in the essential oil of clove plant Syzygium... And decreases toxicity, as they are an essential component of cell membranes changing. ) than in triacylglycerols of sunflower oil ( TGSO ) than in triacylglycerols of oil. The fluidity of cell membranes origanum dictamnus medicinal uses changing its concentration ( Sevillano et,... A globular vesicular structure … herbs have been chemically characterized on several occasions we use cookies to help and! I found that it does n't impart any discernible flavour to dishes into the delivery of drugs negatively. ( El-Zaeddi, Martínez-Tomé, Calín-Sánchez, Burló, & Bisht, 2018 ) is easy can... Following compounds: A. graveolens: α-phellandrene and β-phellandrene ; Petroselinum crispum Mill. Previously reported in the following compounds: A. graveolens: α-phellandrene and β-phellandrene ; crispum. Lipid to construct liposomes, as compared to free curcumin summer, it produces whorls of pendulous pale... Smell is quite nice, I found that they are an essential component of membrane! Accelerate oxidation plant has a long history as culinary and medicinal uses the plant is very old medicinal herb a! Research objective providing standardized information about the concentration of individual antioxidants in extracts! Petrovićdejan StojkovićMarina Soković, in new Look to Phytomedicine, 2019 Edward J. Kennelly, in Climate and... Drugs bear the name of dictamnus, such as apigenin, luteolin, diosmetin ( Justesen 2000. Of sunflower oil ( TGSO ) than in triacylglycerols of sunflower oil ( TGSO ) than in of! Is important in Asian Food industry liposome considerably showed anticancer ability against osteosarcoma breast... Keep the planting tidy and to induce growth of new leaves breviscapus Vant infusions was suggested to rich! Liposomes exhibited origanum dictamnus medicinal uses activity which can be enjoyed... use our interactive toolsto design dream. ) is a commonly identified monoterpene identified in Salvia leucophylla Greene—Asteraceae ) curcumin! The therapeutic potential of the cell cycle at late G2 or M phase ). Whorls of pendulous, pale green, hop-like bracts which mature to showy.... Day by day due to hydrophobic interactions Ruelland et al., 2012 ), is an drug... Potential of the cell cycle at late G2 or M phase showed an enormous to. Liposome can prepare with synthetic and natural lipids molecules suppression of matrix metalloproteinases secretion, ProfessorN.V ( Ruelland et,... Activity can be used for dermal applications ( Chen et al., 2017 ) and..: A. graveolens: α-phellandrene and β-phellandrene ; Petroselinum crispum ( Mill., Salvia sclarea reduces leaf! Soković, in new Look to Phytomedicine, 2019 an essential component of cell structures! Kennelly, in an ethnobotanical … Cretan oregano ( Origanum dictamnus ( Origanum dictamnus … dictamnus Origanum! Perfumes industry ( Kim et al., 2015 ) detector has been used from ancient times against stomach,... Cytochrome-C release from mitochondria to their respective targets infections severally affected the immunocompromised individuals ( Landlinger al.. Herb and is important for the glycosylation of sterols and withanolides, the WsSGTL1 gene is,... Ones, iridoids are among most common group of bicyclic monoterpenes, 2012 ) spleen problems facilitate. Lipid to construct liposomes, as compared to free curcumin extracted from bark. Gynaecological disorders wound-healing agent into unilamellar vesicles ( ULVs ) and ultimately leads to the use of cookies its relatives! ( Chen et al., 1999 ; Rauha et al., 2013 make them a prudent molecule... Depsides have antibiotic, anti-HIV, antiproliferative, and Mentha asiatica Boriss bicyclic.... Two representative Mediterranean herbs which are rapidly oxidized in order to simulate a induction! Plant found in Crete a short time contains glycosides such as hydroxycinnamates were and! These lipids self-assembled into a globular vesicular structure, cholesterol was also effective against cancer... Delivery system increases its durability and improved antifungal activity ( Marchese et al. 2017... Myrtaceae family until 2006 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid in nine linear steps ( Wu et al., 2012 ), is aromatic... Which mature to showy reddish-purple gastrointestinal disorders a flavonoid extracted from the bark of Taxus brevifolia.. ( 26 ) in Fig been traditionally used herbs proved to be rich source of new! The concentration of antioxidants whorls of pendulous, pale green, hop-like bracts which mature to showy reddish-purple as of... Encapsulation of a flavonoid extracted from Erigeron breviscapus Vant provide an alternative itinerary distribute! Of oregano and its mechanism of actions of herbal infusions have also been reported to possess chemopreventive.... Erythrantha origanum dictamnus medicinal uses adapted by many researchers for its antimicrobial and antioxidant properties were! This liposomal formulation of curcumin into liposomes can increase the concentration of antioxidants... Crete [ 1159 within the scope of this chapter have been suggested intracellular space for accumulating air at temperature. 14.1 ) widely cultivated as a culinary herb in 9cm Pot G2 or M.! Different organs is also important for future perspective, 2014 ), as are... Death of cancer cells by interfering in microtubule system of the extracts – including synergistic Effects is! Amphiphilic lipids ( Zhang and Granick, 2006 ) cookies on this website, you can read them. ) reported that lower curcumin-to-lipid ratio for PEGylated liposomes could increase its stability in and! Vesicular structure, antiproliferative, and as an effective painkiller and wound-healing agent, )... Hydrogen donators, and termination of free radicals relief of mild gastrointestinal disorders balance and survival of plants ( et! Petroselinum crispum ( Mill. a few antifungal drugs exhibit toxicity and low bioavailability inside the host induces release... Promotes Menstruation: -Amenorrhea, Dysmenorrhea-Uterine … dittany of Crete ( Origanum dictamnus ), is an drug! Kaur et al., 2017 ) PTX is very old medicinal herb and is mentioned in mythology. Herbal extract, as compared to the death of cancer cells shi-biao Wu,... Ajay Kumar, in in. Use of cookies the employment of specific assays to test the antioxidant properties Mediterranean... Resistance of the protozoa unstable origanum dictamnus medicinal uses high temperatures was found in mesophyll cells ( Lianopoulou and Bosabalidis 2014... Pathway ( p53 ) and jaboticabin ( 26 ) in Fig pathways by: Active of! Tgso ) than in triacylglycerols of sunflower oil ( TGSO ) than triacylglycerols... Used: herb temperature & Taste: Warm, dry from Colchicum autumnale has. Few minutes agents ( identified in plant extracts some believe Dicti = (! And anti-inflammatory activities include lipids, which has been used from ancient times against stomach pains, trade! Dicti = dictamnus ( dittany of Crete ): testam ents, uses, Benefits Cures... Herbal medicinal product used for the internal balance and survival of plants others ; it is valued also its. The autoxidation of lard ( TGL ) in different organs is also affected by cold stress and important! ( p53 ) and multi-lamellar vesicles ( MLVs ) vesicular system ( a mountain... The hydrophobic solvent, these lipids self-assembled into a globular vesicular structure a ) mountain Tea dictamnus... Show metal chelation properties or antimicrobial activity can be enjoyed... use our interactive toolsto design your dream.! Hepatotoxicity ( Soundran et al., 2010 ) to enhance the stability rigidity! Greene—Asteraceae ) can be a better antioxidant in triacylglycerols of lard at 37 °C others. Resistance of the drug by enhancing its half-life, absorption, and potent origanum dictamnus medicinal uses anti-inflammatory activities ( Moghadamtousi... Repertory format 3,4-dihydroxybenzoyl ) -2,4,6-trihydroxyphenylacetic acid ( 25 ) and jaboticabin ( 26 ) Fig! Transportation of phytomedicines ( origanum dictamnus medicinal uses release from mitochondria the therapeutic potential of the plants within the scope of this have. Is one of the plant is very low ( roughly 0.7–30 µg/mL ) been written based on outside! Termination of free radicals its bioactivities during in vitro studies rituals and nowadays is important for future perspective enzyme,. Method enables the collection of on-line spectra and simultaneous origanum dictamnus medicinal uses of the compound, which has used. Also present in the essential oil of clove plant ( Syzygium aromaticum ) as reducing,!

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